Horses are herbivorous and basically exhibit hind gut fermentation. So it is significantly essential to exercise proper feeding management in horses in an attempt to obstruct both over feeding and under feeding. The salient features are highlighted regarding feeding.
1. Do not provide non nitrogenous protein substances like urea to horses of most categories as they are able not digest like ruminants.
2. Horses needs to be provided dry matter at the very least 1.5% of body volume.
3. Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 2.7 for light breeds
Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.1 for medium breeds
Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.5 for heavy breeds
4. The most common concentrated feed directed at horse are oats, barley, gram and wheat bran.
5. As far as green forage is worried, best fodder is lucerne (either green or hay).
6. For better utilization and assimilation of nutrients, the full daily ration can be divided into 4-6 separate meals.
7. Regularity in feeding, avoid full feeding pre and post exercise and changing ration composition gradually are most crucial symbols in horse feeding.
8. In horses it really is particular that fodder roughage emerges before grains. but when chopped fodder is accessible then it might be mixed with grains or concentrate.
9. No group feeding is suggested as far as grain feeding is involved.
10. To avoid mineral deficiency, daily 25-40 gm mineral mixture is added with concentrates.
11. A horse (without work) weighing 400 kg bodyweight will require probably 0.38 kg Digestible crude protein (DCP), 20 gm calcium, 20 gm phosphorous and 70mg carotene.
12. For medium work, it will require 0.86 kg DCP, 50 gm Calcium, 50 gm phosphorous and 135 mg carotene.
13. And for heavy work, it needs 1.10 kg DCP, 60 gm calcium, 60 gm phosphorus and 170 mg carotene.
14. Horses must not be watered at the least 20-30 minutes before vigorous exercise.
15. The requirement of normal water is 36liters on a daily basis and may vary in accordance with seasons as with summer the demand of water increases.
16. For general practise, it’s to provide water before feeding.
17. In general watering schedule, watering must be done triple a day in summer and twice daily in other seasons.
18. Horses are seasonal polyestrous. Early spring is recognized as best breeding quantity of india.
19. puberty is attained on the age of eighteen months.
20. Mating must be allowed at 3 yrs of aging when it attains 75% of body mass,
21. Eestrous cycle is a three week period and length of heat is 4-6 days.
22. The needs to be bred several days after appearance of heat symptoms.
23. The tail in the mare really should be bandaged and kept away to one side in order to not interfere during copulation.
24. For breeding, one stallion is plenty for 30-40 mares.
25. A stallion must be used for half a dozen times in a week.
26. One most observable sight in the time of parturition may be the appearance of beads of wax on teats a couple days before delivery.